Selenium is now 14 years old. It was developed in 2004 by Jason Huggins as a tool that helps developers with some internal projects. Many things have evolved in Selenium since then. Selenium automation testing toolset made something that was earlier tough and fragile- automation of tests inside a browser. This latest automation testing tool is more useful than yesterday. The changes introduced by experts in Selenium also had the side effect of building a community of open source and commercial tools.
Selenium is the banner for open-source projects set. Selenium IDE is a Firefox plugin that records and saves actions of the user and lets you play them back, but in Firefox only without loops or other programming structures. The tests of Selenium IDE are easy click-click inspect routines. Developers are able to export code to Selenium WebDriver with this tool. Learning Selenium IDE is not a science, not very robust, and offers a simple upgrade to something stronger.
But this Selenium WebDriver has its limits!
You should know that Selenium only does browser automation and nothing else. You cannot run existing Windows apps like Excel and Word in a browser. This implies WebDriver will not be able to see or communicate with them. This is due to the way WebDriver works- it manipulates web pages within the browser with the same engine that is used for interpreting web pages.
Operating system click events are hidden from the view of Selenium.
The most widely used AI-based Software testing tool, Selenium, was updated to Selenium 3.0 or you may say version 3.0 in October 2016. Selenium software is an open source software testing tool. There are, generally, five components that make the Selenium software an open source tool and that include - Selenium IDE, Selenium Client API, Selenium RC, Selenium WebDriver, and Selenium Grid. Jason Huggins released the first version, i.e. Selenium 1.0 back in 2004. The software was quite impressive and used by many developers. The 2nd version, Selenium 2.0 was an upgrade made by merging Selenium WebDriver with Selenium 1.0.
Selenium Automation Testing is updating often and coming with some new features. Experts and team recently added native events support in the latest few versions (Firefox 24, 31, 32, and 33). Native events are the signals sent by the browser to the computer when you are working- typing, mouse clicks, and scrolling. Usually, these things happen when a person is making a use of a browser, but with automation, it is slightly different.
Support for IE
If you are using the latest Internet Explorer 11, luck is at your side. A set of WebDriver bindings is developed by officials for Internet Explorer, named as InternetExplorerDriver. With the official support for IE, developers can now focus on one single tool and they can bring the missing feature on WebDriver. It is really a big feature introduced by experts.
Visual Automation testing
Visual inspection of pages and seeing changes between builds has been harder. In earlier times, developers would have to navigate to every page in their app or minimum they could remember, click the button or run the script for their visual tool to do some recordings of DOM and CSS elements. This recording works as your benchmark.
There are some tools that will leverage on Selenium scripts that are already used for testing software. These tools will follow along with the scripts instead of having a separate pass through on each screen. It takes a digital snapshot of every page on which the script lands. While running the scripts again, every snapshot is compared to the website preview.
What does it bring for software testers?
There are many good things happening for software testers in Selenium. Software testers would no longer be blamed for defects in production. Software testers will get 23% hike by 2020. Voice automation tool for windows and web application is capable of creating automation suites as developers speak of application use cases. This tool supports recording tests in 17 spoken languages of a human. It has the ability to comprehend results for sake of others.
Testers need to learn to combine skills
A desire for new skills and flexibility is already required. Today, testing is being incorporated into different roles or testers are starting learning skill sets. It is now more complex and not just a single function. Companies are interested in a broader swath of skill sets related to the development and seeking the same in their testers.
Not everyone is positive about the evolvement of testers into mini data scientists. Excess focus on code testing has left the production unit to depend on chance to work. Testers could be determining and finding out what they need to test.
For more updates on selenium automation testing, you can read blogs of selenium experts online. You can give feedback for this post through your comments.